Date of Award
Program or Major
Doctor of Philosophy
The NPDGamma experiment is measuring the directional parity violating asymmetry in the emission of gamma rays from the capture of cold neutrons on protons. The asymmetry can be related in a straightforward way to effective couplings within an appropriate NN weak interaction theory, such as chiral perturbation based effective field theories.
Since this is a measurement within a two body system, the observables are calculable without uncertainties from few to many body (large nuclei) effects. The experiment consists of two phases. The first one, at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE), has just been completed, providing a measurement of the asymmetry to an accuracy at the 10-7 level. Directional gamma-ray asymmetries have been measured using a number of targets including liquid hydrogen and several medium - A isotopes. The second phase of the experiment will commence at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge, where it is currently being reassembled, to continue the measurement to an accuracy of the 10-8 level. In this work the results of the commissioning phases as well as the first production phase of the experiment are discussed.
Dabaghyan, Mikayel, "Measurement of parity violation in thermal neutron capture on a proton" (2007). Doctoral Dissertations. 393.