Utilizing an Extended Target for High Frequency Multi-beam Sonar Intensity Calibration


There is an interest in expediting intensity calibration procedures for Multi-Beam Echo-Sounders (MBES) to be used for acoustic backscatter measurements. To this end, a target was constructed of irregularly oriented small chain links arranged in a “curtain” simulating an extended scattering surface, such as the seafloor. Tests with a 200-kHz, 7°, SIMRAD EK60 Split-Beam Echo-Sounder (SBES) were performed in a tank in order to investigate the targets angular- and range-dependent scattering strength. These tests suggest that the amplitude envelope of the scattered signal is Rayleigh distributed and that the backscatter strength depends linearly on the number of active scattering elements. Following these initial validation tests, a 200 kHz Reson SeaBat 7125-SV2 MBES was calibrated in the tank with the same extended target. During the calibration, the MBES was rotated so that every beam was incident on the target. This calibration test was performed once when the target was at normal and once at oblique (45°) incidence. The final output is a “catch all” beam-dependent calibration coefficient, C, determined from the sonar equation.


Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping

Publication Date


Journal or Conference Title

Journal of the Acoustical Society of America


135, Issue 4




Acoustical Society of America

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


Document Type

Journal Article