While global warming may be opening up more Arctic waters in the summer, ice still infests key shipping lanes in the northern hemisphere during the winter months. To safely navigate these areas, mariners rely on daily ice coverage charts produced by national governmental agencies. Ice charts are primarily issued in paper format or as a fax. However, there is increased interest to ice coverage information on vessel navigation systems such as an Electronic Chart and Display Information Systems (ECDIS). However, to do so, the ice information must be provided as a separate layer of information to the Electronic Navigational Chart (ENC).
Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping
Journal or Conference Title
International Hydrographic Review
7, No. 3
Lemmers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
International Hydrographic Organization
Dias, George; Coleman, David F.; El-Rabbany, Ahmed; Agi, Benson; and Alexander, Lee, "A Process for Producing Ice Coverage Marine Information Objects (MIOs) in IHO S-57 Format" (2006). International Hydrographic Review. 1023.