In this brief, authors Andrew Schaefer, Marybeth Mattingly, and Douglas Gagnon present a demographic and economic profile of Duluth, Minnesota, and Superior, Wisconsin, with a specific focus on families with children. Analyzing data from the American Community Survey and U.S. Decennial Census on family income and poverty, they compare—wherever possible—conditions in Duluth and Superior to those in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and the nation as a whole. They report that, in both Duluth and Superior, poverty among families with children has increased substantially in the last 15 years; by 2010 and 2015, family poverty was higher in each city than across the nation or statewide. In St. Louis County, Minnesota—home of Duluth—low income families have experienced declines in their income over the past 40 years, while income has grown for more well-off families.

Publication Date

Summer 8-1-2017


National Issue Brief No. 125


Durham, N.H. : Carsey School of Public Policy, University of New Hampshire

Document Type






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