Title

Design and Testing of a Position-Sensitive Plastic Scintillator Detector for Fast Neutron Imaging

Abstract

We describe the design and performance of a position sensitive scintillator detector developed forneutron measurements. Several of these detectors are to be used in the assembly of the Fast NeutronImaging Telescope (FNIT), an instrument with imaging and energy measurement capabilities, sensitive to neutrons in the 2-20 MeV energy range. FNIT was initially conceived to study solar neutrons as a candidate instrument for the Inner Heliospheric Sentinels (IHS) program under formulation at NASA. It is now being adapted to locate Special Nuclear Material (SNM) for homeland security purposes by detecting fission neutrons and reconstructing the image of their source. The detection principle is based on multiple elastic neutron-proton scatterings in organic scintillator. The detector presented here utilizes wavelength-shifting (WLS) fibers, grooved into the plastic scintillator and read out by multianode photomultiplier tubes (MAPMTs) to determine scattering locations. By also measuring the recoil proton and scattered neutron's energies, the direction and energy spectrum of incidents neutrons can be determined and discrete sources identified.

Publication Date

12-2006

Journal Title

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

Publisher

IEEE

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1109/TNS.2006.886046

Document Type

Article

Rights

© 2006 IEEE