Flashbulb memories of menarche and adult menstrual distress
Ninety-nine female college students completed a questionnaire in which they recounted their memories of menarche, described menarcheal circumstances, and completed the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MDQ). Consistent with previous research, inadequate emotional preparation for menstruation was associated with negative feelings at menarche. However, menarcheal circumstances were not strongly predictive of adult MDQ scores. Consistent with memory theory, the amount of information in memories of menarche was negatively related to adequacy of prior knowledge about menstruation: Women who reported feeling less knowledgeable at menarche provided more information about the first episode. While memories of menarche contain information that is relevant to subsequent menstrual experiences, the relationship between menarcheal events and adult menstrual distress appears to be minor.
Journal of Adolescence
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
David B. Pillemer, Elissa Koff, Elizabeth D. Rhinehart, Jill Rierdan, Flashbulb memories of menarche and adult menstrual distress, Journal of Adolescence, Volume 10, Issue 2, June 1987, Pages 187-199, ISSN 0140-1971, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-1971(87)80087-8.
© 1987 The Association for the Psychiatric Study of Adolescents.