Title

Changes in polyamines, inorganic ions and glutamine synthetase activity in response to nitrogen availability and form in red spruce (Picea rubens)

Abstract

We analyzed effects of nitrogen availability and form on growth rates, concentrations of polyamines and inorganic ions and glutamine synthetase activity in in-vitro-cultured red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) cells. Growth rates, concentrations of polyamines and glutamine synthetase activity declined when either the amount of nitrate or the total amount of N in the culture medium was reduced. When total N in the medium was increased, cell mass increased without significant changes in glutamine synthetase activity or polyamine concentration. Reductions in the amount of nitrate or total N in the culture medium resulted in increased accumulations of Ca, Mn and Zn in the cells, and K accumulation decreased in response to decreasing nitrate:ammonium ratios. The data indicate that changes in total N availability as well as the forms of N play important roles in the physiological responses of in-vitro-grown red spruce cells that mimic the observed responses of forest trees to soil N deficiency and N fertilization.

Publication Date

10-1-2008

Journal Title

Tree Physiology

Publisher

Oxford Journals

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1093/treephys/28.12.1793

Scientific Contribution Number

2331

Document Type

Article