Title

Wilderness orientation: Exploring the relationship between college preorientation programs and social support

Abstract

This study investigated whether students differ in reported levels of social support by different types of preorientation experiences (i.e., wilderness program, community service program, preseason athletics, or no preorientation participation) measured by the Campus-Focused Social Provisions Scale (CF-SPS). Two colleges provide a sample (N = 1,601) of first-year and sophomore students. Participants in the wilderness orientation programs reported higher levels of social provisions in all six subfactors of social support. Preseason athletes reported significant differences on the subfactor social integration (p < .05). Service programs reported no significant differences. Students' reported level of shyness and how easily they make friends were important variables for explaining the variance in social support scores. Women and sophomores were more likely to report higher levels of social support, excepting the variable social integration. The study was exploratory and lacked controls for selection bias.

Publication Date

6-1-2006

Journal Title

Journal of Experiential Education

Publisher

Sage Publications

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1177/105382590602900206

Document Type

Article

Rights

Copyright © 2006, Association of Experiential Education