Institute on Disability
 

Title

The association of food insecurity with health outcomes for adults with disabilities

Abstract

Background

Adults with disabilities are more likely to live in households that are food insecure and are more likely to experience health disparities than adults without disabilities. Research examining the intersection of food insecurity and health outcomes for adults with disabilities has so far been lacking, however.

Objective/Hypothesis

The research presented here tests whether living in a food insecure household is associated with poorer self-reported health and mental health and different health care utilization, controlling for disability status and other sociodemographic characteristics.

Methods

Multivariate regression analyses are conducted using linked data from the 2011 National Health Interview Survey and the 2012 Medical Expenditures Panel Survey.

Results

Adults with and without disabilities who live in food insecure households have higher odds of reporting fair or poor health or mental health in either the current year or the subsequent year. Health care utilization patterns differ for adults who are food insecure as well, both within and across years.

Conclusions

Efforts to address health disparities among adults with disabilities should consider the possible additional impact of food insecurity on health outcomes.

Publication Date

2016

Journal Title

Disability and Health Journal

Publisher

Elsevier Inc.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.12.006

Document Type

Article