Title

Turbulence avoidance and the wind-driven transport of plankton in the surface Ekman layer

Abstract

Observations of turbulence avoidance in zooplankton are compared to estimates of the wind-driven turbulence in the upper ocean. Plankton that avoid wind-driven turbulence by moving deeper are no longer transported by the wind-driven Ekman currents near the surface because they are no longer near the surface. Here, a threshold level of turbulence that triggers an avoidance response is estimated, and is used to infer the wind speed and water column stratification conditions that would lead to zooplankton leaving the Ekman layer. Turbulence avoidance is argued to lead to near-shore retention in wind-driven upwelling systems, and to a reduction of the delivery of zooplankton to Georges Bank from the deeper waters of the Gulf of Maine. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication Date

3-1-2007

Journal Title

Continental Shelf Research

Publisher

PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1016/j.csr.2006.11.011

Document Type

Article

Rights

Copyright 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved