Size-dependent enrichment of waste slag aggregate fragments abraded from asphalt concrete
Authors consider the environmental prospects of using melted waste slag as the aggregate for asphalt pavement. In particular, the enrichment of slag-derived fragments in fine abrasion dust particles originated from slag asphalt concrete and its size dependency were concerned. A series of surface abrasion tests for asphalt concrete specimens, containing only natural aggregates as reference or 30 wt% of substituted slag aggregates, were performed. Although two of three slag-asphalt concretes generated 1.5–3.0 times larger amount of abrasion dust than the reference asphalt concrete did, it could not be explained only by abrasion resistance of slag. The enrichment of slag-derived fragments in abrasion dust, estimated on the basis of the peak intensity of quartz and heavy metal concentrations, had size dependency for all slag-asphalt concretes. Slag-derived fragments were enriched in abrasion dust particles with diameters of 150–1000 μm. Enrichment factors were 1.4–2.1. In contrast, there was no enrichment in abrasion dust particles with diameter less than 75 μm. This suggests that prior airborne-size fragmentation of substituted slag aggregates does not need to be considered for tested slag aggregates when environmental risks of abrasion dust of slag-asphalt pavement are assessed.
Journal of Hazardous Materials
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Takahashi, F., T. Shimaoka, K.H. Gardner, A. Kida, "Size-dependent enrichment of waste slag aggregate fragments abraded from asphalt concrete," Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 194, p: 209-215 (2011). (DOI 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.07.086).
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