According to a Community and Environment in Rural America survey, Michigan's Upper Peninsula residents, often called "Yoopers," said that ties to community and the area's natural beauty were significant factors for those who planned on staying in this rural area, which comprises about a third of Michigan's land mass but only 4 percent of its population. Those planning on leaving cited employment opportunities and energy costs as the most important factors in their decision.
National Policy Brief No. 17
Durham, N.H. : Carsey Institute, University of New Hampshire
Ulrich, Jessica D., "How Yoopers see the future of their communities: why residents leave or stay in Michigan's Upper Peninsula" (2010). The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository. Paper 114.
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